WALTER RICHARD POWNALL BOULTBEE
(1886 - 1975)
LIEUTENANT, ROYAL MARINE ARTILLERY
(photograph about 1905)
The following must be read in conjunction
with the Introductory and Chapter I of Thomas Boultbee's Account of the
Family. The importance and value of his research work cannot be
overestimated; were it not for
that we should know nothing. He uses the modern spelling of the name
even when quoting documents. It is confusing and not always easy to
decide whether he is correct or not. I have used the form given in the
document, even though there appear variations, see the Chaplain's Will
as noted below [year 1433. Ed.].
But he made two assumptions:
But were there no collateral branches? There must have been, although how remote we do not know, for in:-
|1396||John Bolteby was witness to a Will of Robert Cooke of Hexham.|
|1398||John Bolteby was Vicar of Wakefield certainly till 1416.|
|1409||John Bolteby was a party to a deed concerning premises in Coxwold, Kexby, Moor Monkton, etc. The first is close to the village of Bolteby, the others to York.|
|These three entries may well refer to the same man.|
|1433||The Will of Robert Boltbye, alias Coke, of York, Chaplain was proved.
From the Torre M.S. City of York, it appears that Robert Bolteby by appointment by the Archbishop by lapse on 10th February, 1410 to be Cantarist of Ergom vel Eyrous Chantry, a chantry founded in the Chapel of St. William upon Ouse Bridge at the Altar of St. Mary for the souls of John de Ergom and Juliana his wife.
|1584||Allane Stavely married Eva, daughter of Sir Adam de Boltby of Ravensthorp, in Felixkirk.
The Canon quotes a letter, dated 1862, saying this Sir Adam was a Bishopric (i.e. Durham) Knight and who was buried 1600 and something at Gainford. He thinks there must be some confusion with the Sir Adam of 1304. But he did know of the marriage. There was no such confusion. Gainford is just over the border into Durham, midway between Darlington and Barnard Castle. Felixkirk (Ravensthorp) is about three miles north-east of Thirsk and Bolteby two miles further on.
|1595||In Leicestershire, the Will of Robert Boltbye of Goodbye was proved.|
|1603||That of his wife Elizabeth Boultbye, also of Godebye was proved.
The Canon states there is a Will, dated 1603, of Elizabeth Boultbye or Boultbie, of Caseby near Hinkley but gives no details. The Archivist of Leicestershire tells me he has no knowledge of such a Will. There may be some confusion with that of Godebye.
|1636||Thomas Boultby of Griffydam married Mary Baxter at Breedon-on-the-Hill.|
|1637||In Church Rowe, Helmsley :-
Thomas Boultbie holds at will one cottage with one garden containing one rood; and paies at the said Feasts yearlie 10s. I can find no further reference to him.
|Langley Castle was the residence of the Boultbee's. They left it in the time of troubles in the North, altered the name from Boultby to Boultbee and came into Leicestershire with all their Pirsnall Property, built cottages on the Common for Workpeople such as Blacksmith Lath Cutter Common Chairmakers, each year bought up all Lord Stanfords wood and imployed these people, took Stordon Grange of old Sir G. Beaumont on Building Lease for 99 years this place was near the woods and the people employed. Further particulars of the Boultby's or Boultbee's may be seen in the History of Northumberland.|
|[It is more than likely that TPB was not aware of
this manuscript, which was evidently preserved in the Kempson family.
JB states:- The following is a copy of an account of
the B. family which Walter had given him in September 1890 by Miss
Morton, granddaughter of Mary B. and written in Mary Boultbee's
handwriting. Walter is JB's second son, Walter Ernest, and Mary B. is Mary Boultbee (1757-1840) who married John Kempson. Their daughter, Mary, married Charles Morton in 1825.
The true value of this fragment which must have been written in or before 1840, the year when Mary Kempson died, lies in earlier written confirmation, i.e. before TPB wrote the History, that the story of the migration from the North had always been handed on, however much the details and date of this event had become distorted with the passage of time.
Further notes on Langley Castle (click here) explain that it could not have been the Boultbee home at the period of the migration. Ed.]
There are many references to the name of Bolby, Bolbie and Boulby. They do not include the letter t and I have ignored them.
Will of Robert Boltbye
1595 In the name of god amen the x daye of agust the yeare above sayd I Robert boltbye of Goodbye in the countye of le, laborar sick in bodye but of perfyt remembrance god be thanked do make this my laste will and Testiment in manor and forme followinge. Fyrste I bequeth my soule to the mercye of god in Jesu Christe my onely lord and saviour by whose merites I trust onley to be savid, my bodye to the earth in the church yard of Goodbye a forsayd. I geve to the church of Lincoln iid I geve unto my daughter Amy vil xiiis iiiid to be payed within ii yeares after my death. I geve unto my daughter Margrart vil xiiis iiiid to be payed ii years after her eldist sister. I geve unto my daughter Elizabeth vil xiiis iiiid to be payed ii yeares after her former sisters. I will that my sonne in lawe shall remaine in house with my wif so longe as my wif shall think well of theme they behavinge themselves dutifull as yt behovith an honist son in law. I give unto Thomas Gracke iis the resudue of my goodes within unbequethed with the lease of my house movable and unmovable my debts payed my body honistly buryed I geve unto my welbelovid wif, whom I mak my full Executor, witnes unto this my will Thomas Gracak, Davy Roberts, John Elwood
Probatum apud Leic. ultimo Octobris 1595 Juramento Relicte executricis eius Cui etc de bene etc. Juratum examinatum
Will of Elizabeth Boultbye
In the name of god amen. The xxith daye of februarie anno domini 1602. I Elizabeth Boultbye of Godebye In the county of Leicester widow sicke of bodye but of good and perfect remembrance of minde god be thanked therefore, doe make constitute and ordaine this my last will and Testament In maner and forme followinge. First I give and commit my soule Into the handes of allmightye god my maker and redemer beseeching the lord to pardon mine offences and to receive my soule and my bodye to be buried in the Church yeard of Godebye aforesaid. Item I give and bequeath until William Freeman my sonne in law the lease of my house in Consideration That I owe unto Amy Freeman, his wife five poundes of her childs parte and portion. Item I give unto Margret Boultbye my daughter a white Cowe after my discease. Item two pillowes, ii pillow-beares One boulster, ii blankets a green hilling the best, ii fine flaxen sheetes and one paire of other sheetes One boardcloth, a new pan, iiii peces pewder, a candlesticke, a salt a sawser a Towell a great Chist in the chamber, a posset, a maller The Iling Cowle ii shelve boardes and I give unto the siad Margret Boultbye and Elizabeth Gond togither the brake havell with all the woode on it and under it. Item I give unto Jellian Newbon a browne Cowe and II Ewe sheepe after my discease and a petticoate Two gownes One Hollye day apron a kerchife and a vayle of the best and my hollye day hatt. Item I give unto Elizabth Gond ii Ewes after my departure and the peece of brakes beyond the gutter during the lease, ii peece of pewder dishes of the smaller sort, a great coffer a peece of raw cloth of v ells at the weaver a yeard kerchife and ii Crosclothes, a red blanket and a chaffendish [chafing dish Ed.]. Item I give unto Hellen Freeman a coffer at my bedsfeete and one sheepe. Item I give unto William Freeman the sonne of William Freeman One sheepe, Item I give unto Thomas Woodcocke one sheepe. Lastlye all the residue of my goods not given nor bequeathed my debtes paid Legacies and funerall expences discharged I give and bequeath unto William Freeman ny sonne in law aforesaid. whom I make full and sole executor of this my last will and testament And I desire Michaell Woodcocke and John Elward To be trustye supervisores hereof to see that it be executed according to the true meaning hereof.
Witnes Robert Drayton Everard Carter John Collinson Michaell Wodcocke John Elward
Probatum apud Leicestriam ultimo die mensis Aprilis Anno domini 1603. Juramento executoris etc Cui etc de bene etc jurato. Juratum examinatum
I was interested in the legacy to the Church of Lincoln iid. The Lincoln Archivist has been kind enough to give a solution and as it may be of general interest it follows:
|There is quite a simple explanation for the bequest of Robert Boltbye to the Church at Lincoln. All parishes in the former Archdeaconries attached to the diocese of Lincoln are thought to have made some sort of contribution to the Church of Lincoln, meaning the Cathedral church, and occasionally references to the payment of what were called smoke farthings for the Church of Lincoln were made. This pattern of giving was followed out by private persons who often left some small bequests to the Cathedral in addition to their own parish church and this might go for anywhere in the diocese, i.e. The archdeaconries of Lincoln, Bedford, Buckingham, Huntingdon, and, ending pre-reformation days, Oxford and Northampton. Hence there need not have been any sort of personal connection with Lincoln as a place on the part of such testators.|
Administration of Thomas BoultbyAdministration
Noverint universi per presentes nos Thomam Boultby de Griffith Damme parochie de Breedon in Comitatu Leic. weaver et Aliciam Baggale de Worthington in comitatu Leic. viduam teneri et firmiter obligari venerabili et egregio viro Clementi Breton Clerico sacre Theologie Professori Archidiacono Leicestrensi in decem libris bonae et legalis monatae Angliae solvendis eidem Clementi Breton aut suo recto attornato executoribus administratoribus sive assignatis suis, Ad quam quidem solucionem bene et fideliter faciendum obligamus nos et utrumque nostrum pro separatoto et insolido heredes executores et administratores nostros firmiter per presentes Sigillis nostris sigillatas. Datum decimo septimo die mensis Martii ad stylum Anglie anno Domini millesimo sexcentesimo sexagesimo secundo, annoque regni serenissimi Domini nostri Caroli 2di dei gracia Angliae Scotiae Franciae et Hiberniae Regis fideo defensoris etc. decimo quinto.
(Know all men by these presents that we Thomas Boultby of Griffith Damme in the parish of Breedon in the county of Leicester, weaver, and Alice Baggale of Worthington in the county of Leicester, widow, are held and firmly bound to the venerable and noble Clement Breton, clerk, Professor of Sacred Theology, Archdeacon of Leicester, in ten pounds of good and lawful money of England to be paid to the same Clement Breton or his right attorney, executors, administrators, or assigns, and we bind ourselves and each one of us to make this payment well and faithfully, separately and together, our heirs, executors and administrators by these presents sealed with our seals. Given on the seventeenth day of the month of March by the style of England in the year of Our Lord 1662, and in the year of the reign of our most serene Lord Charles the Second by the grace of God of England, Scotland France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc., the fifteenth.)
The condicoun of this obligacoun is, that if the above bounden Thomas Boultby ye sonne of Thomas Boultby, whilest he lived, of Griffith Damme in ye Archdeaconry of Leic. defunct, who died intestate without any his last will or testament made or declared, that yet doth appeare, do well and truly administer the goodes credites and chattells of ye said defunct, and pay ye debtes, and legacies, if any be, so farre as ye said goodes credites and chattells will thereunto extend and ye law shall charge him and do make and cause to be exhibited into ye Registry of ye Archdeaconry of leic. a nice and perfect inventarie of all and singuler ye goods credites and chattells indifferently priced, and render a just and faithful accompt of ye said administracoun upon oath to be taken when he shall be thereunto lawfully called or warned, and further do pay and discharge such partes and percouns out of ye said goods credites and chattells, if any remainder be found upon ye said accompt First examined and allowed to such person and persons and in such manner as ye above named doctor Clement Breton or his surrogate or other Judge competent shall assigne and appoint ye same, and finally do from time to time at all times hereafter save harmelesse and indemnified ye same doctor Clement Breton and all other his officers and Minister for all things concerning ye premisses in every respecte Then this present obligacoun shal be utterly void, and of none effect, or els remaine in full power and vertue.
| Signed sealed and delivered to ye use of etc.
in ye presence of
the marke of
the marke of
It seems from this, that of the two sons
of Thomas of Griffydam, Thomas was the elder. As his father did not
marry until October 1636 a likely date for his birth is late 1637, and
he might only be just of age when his father died in 1658, and not more
than 24 when the Administration was granted, while Joseph would be 18
and 22 respectively.
But who was the Alice Baggaley coupled with Thomas? It is suggested that she was another sister of the father and was active in the business, (Worthington was only a mile from Griffydam), possibly managing it after the father's death. She would then be, as woman of a mature age, an obvious person to be associated in the Administration with an inexperienced young man.
£10 each was a large sum of money in those days with which to be bounded and suggests a considerable estate. It is possible that Thomas took the floating capital and put it to his business of webster in Breedon while Joseph had his father's business, probably still managed by his aunt.
The dating may be of interest. The regnal year of Charles II dates not from the Restoration in 1660 but from that of the death of his Father on 30 January, 1649. It should be noted that this was common practice during this reign.
I am greatly indebted to Dr. Joseph Hugh Boultbee for the two Wills and the Administration.
A few words on the Coat of Arms we use may be of interest. We are not an armigerous family so there is nothing authoritative.
The Canon gave: Azure, two arrows argent between two besants in pale.
My Father [Walter Ernest Boultbee. Ed.] wrote: From the impression of the seal of Joseph of Bunny the description should be Gules, Two arrows argent in Saltire between two besants in fess.
I have two bookplates, one belonging to Francis Barnett (1799-1823) and the other to Henry Townshend (1827-1904), both of which give -- Gules, two arrows argent in Saltire between two besants or in pale.
As these are from the two lines of the family, I think they might be accepted as correct. [The bookplate illustrated below is that of Dr. Henry Boultbee (1801-1849) and is similar to the two bookplates mentioned above. Ed.]
Boultbee Crest Bookplate
The preceding Thoughts on the origin of the Family were written many years ago by Walter Richard Pownall, grandson of JB, and with the exception of our editorial note inserted on page 202 , are as he left them, a tribute to his dedicated research. We especially draw attention to page 201 where he gives his interesting interpretation of the family tradition of a migration from northern England in troublous times and his identification of the person who actually did migrate to establish the Family in Leicestershire. (We have more to say on these points in Appendix 2, where it is more appropriate to discuss them further.)
He kept up his interest in family history until late in his long life, being particularly careful to keep the large tree of descent he had drawn as correct and up-to-date as possible. However, his interest was not only in the main line of descent but also in that of other branches which he had discovered which do not figure in the original History nor were they known to JB. These he pursued as far as their present-day representatives were able to recall of their antecedents, though unfortunately the information they gave him did not go sufficiently far back for their descents to be connected directly. He left among his papers enough information as a basis for future further research. Much work has now been done in this connection which has already added a great deal more to the extent and details of these branches -- and to others of which he was not aware -- although the vital links have yet to be found.
There are several 18th century candidates, of the main line, who may have been, and probably are, the progenitors of at least four known branches. We are now hopeful that the links to at least two of them will be found in the not-too-distant future through continuing research with the spur of affectionate curiosity in TPB's memorable phrase.
It is the Editors' intention that when these branches are able to be linked firmly to the main family tree, that the information will be circulated in the form of additional chapters to the History.